Bibliographic Information

The following books and original papers are the texts of this course:


Darwin, C. (1968). The origin of species by means of natural selection. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Pollack, R. (1994). Signs of Life: The language and meanings of DNA. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Schr÷dinger, E. (1992). What is life? The physical aspect of the living cell. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Watson, J. (1980). The double helix: A personal account of the discovery of the structure of DNA. New York: Norton.


Avery, O.T., Colin, M.M., & McCarty, M. (1944). Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation of pneumococcal types. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 79, 137-158.

Ayala, F.J. (1992). Evolution. In B. Davis (Ed.), The genetic revolution (pp. 179-195). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Bhattacharyya, M.K., Smith, A.M., Ellis, T.H.N, Hedley, C., & Martin, C. (1990). The wrinkled-seed character of pea described by Mendel is caused by a transposon-like insertion in a gene encoding starch-branching enzyme. Cell, 60, 115-122.

Gordon, J.W., & Ruddle, F.H. (1981). Integration and stable germ line transmission of genes injected into mouse pronuclei, Science, 214, 1244-1246.

Kuhn, T., & Lederberg, J. (1983) A meeting of biological and philosophical minds. The New York Times, March 13, 1983.

Lederberg, J., & Lederberg, E. (1951). Replica plating and indirect selection of bacterial mutants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S. 63, 399-406.

Lysenko, T.D. (1953). The situation in biological science. Address delivered at the Session of the Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences of the U.S.S.R. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House.

Mendel, G. (1886). Experiments in plant-hybridization. In J. Peters (1959), Classic papers in genetics. Englewoord Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Morgan, T.H. (1910). Sex limited inheritance in drosophila. Science, 32, 120-122.

Mullis, K.B. (1990, February). The unusual origin of the polymerase chain reaction. Scientific American, 3-10.

SoulÚ, M. (1991). Conservation: Tactics for a constant crisis. Science, 253, 744-749.

Sturtevant, A.H. (1913). The linear arrangement of six sex-linked factors in drosophila, as shown by their mode of association. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 14, 43-59.

Wald, M. (1993). It's as big as the period at the end of this sentence. The New York Times, September 12, 1993.

Watson, J.D. (1993). Succeeding in science: Some rules of thumb. Science, 261, 1812-1813.

Watson, J.D., & Crick, F.H.C. (1953). Molecular structure of nucleic acids. Nature, 171, 737-738.

Weissman, A. (1893). The germ-plasm: A theory of heredity (pp. 20-35). London: Walter Scott, Ltd.

Wigler, M., Silverstein, S., Lee, L., Pellicer, A, Cheng, Y., & Axel, R. (1977). Transfer of purified herpes virus thymidine kinase gene to cultured mouse cells. Cell, 11, 223-232.

Wilkins, A.S. (1993). "What is life?" - Still a good question, fifty years on. BioEssays, 15, 767-769.

Yunis, J.J., & Prakash, O. (1982) The origin of man: A chromosomal pictorial legacy. Science, 215, 1525-1529.