PROPERTIES OF MATTER | |
Part A: Measurements of matter | |
§1 Mass | 3 |
§2 Principles of balancing | 6 |
§3 Measurements of mass | 15 |
§4 Uncertainty | 20 |
§5 Operational definitions | 27 |
§6 Volume | 34 |
§7 Changes in mass and volume | 38 |
§8 Distinguishing between mass and volume | 42 |
Part B: Pure substances | |
§9 Proportional reasoning with mass and volume | 44 |
§10 Density | 51 |
§11 Measurements of densities | 55 |
§12 Sinking and floating | 58 |
Part C: Scientific representations | |
§13 Graphing mass and volume | 66 |
§14 Interpreting algebraic expressions | 76 |
§15 Interpreting the equal sign | 82 |
§16 Reasoning by analogy | 90 |
Part D: Solutions of solids in water | |
§17 Dissolving in water | 92 |
§18 Concentration of solutions | 94 |
§19 Changes in concentration | 98 |
§20 Measurements of concentration | 100 |
§21 Saturation of solutions | 103 |
§22 Applications of analogies | 108 |
§23 Applications of proportional reasoning | 112 |
Part E: Solutions of solids, liquids, and gases | |
§24 Solutions of liquids in liquids | 122 |
§26 Solvents other than water | 124 |
§27 Solutions of gases in liquids | 125 |
§28 Extracting solutes from solutions | 127 |
Supplementary problems for Properties of Matter | 129 |
HEAT AND TEMPERATURE | |
Part A: Measurements of heat and temperature | |
§1 Temperature | 163 |
§2 Changes in temperature | 168 |
§3 Heat and heat transfer | 172 |
Part B: Thermal properties of matter | |
§4 Heat capacity and specific heat | 177 |
§5 Distinguishing between heat capacity and specific heat | 185 |
§6 Proportional reasoning with heat and temperature | 187 |
§7 Phase changes | 193 |
§8 Heat in everyday life | 198 |
Supplementary problems for Heat and Temperature | 202 |
LIGHT AND COLOR | |
Part A: Light and shadows | |
§1 Introduction to light | 225 |
§2 Light sources, masks, and screens | 230 |
§3 Pinhole cameras | 239 |
§4 Shadows | 244 |
Part B: Pigments and colored light | |
§5 Pigments | 247 |
§6 Colored light | 251 |
§7 Pigments under colored light | 255 |
Supplementary problems for Light and Color | 259 |
MAGNETS | |
Part A: Behavior of magnets | |
§1 Magnetic interactions | 277 |
§2 The parts of a magnet | 280 |
§3 The earth as a magnet | 283 |
§4 Comparing the strengths of magnets | 286 |
§5 Breaking and stacking magnets | 288 |
Part B: Magnetic materials | |
§6 Magnetic fields | 293 |
§7 Magnetic field mapping | 301 |
§8 Making magnets | 305 |
§9 A model for magnetic materials | 309 |
Supplementary Problems for Magnets | 316 |
ASTRONOMY BY SIGHT: THE SUN, MOON, AND STARS | |
§1 Sun shadows | 325 |
§2 Observing changes in the sky | 333 |
§3 The size and shape of the earth | 339 |
§4 Daily motion of the sun | 343 |
§5 Phases of the moon | 349 |
§6 Daily motion of the stars | 359 |
§7 Describing locations on the earth | 367 |
§8 Celestial clocks and calendars | 371 |
Supplementary problems for Astronomy by Sight: the sun, moon, and stars | 373 |
APPENDICES | |
Table of densities | Appendix 1 |
Table of specific heats | Appendix 2 |
Table of latent heats and boiling and melting points | Appendix 3 |
INDEX | Index 1 |
ELECTRIC CIRCUITS | |
Part A: Behavior of simple electric circuits | |
§1 Single-bulb circuits | 383 |
§2 A model for electric current | 390 |
§3 Extending the model for electric current | 397 |
§4 Series and parallel networks | 406 |
Part B: Measurements of current and resistance | |
§5 Kirchhoff's first rule | 418 |
§6 Equivalent resistance | 426 |
Part C: Measurement of voltage | |
§7 Multiple batteries | 430 |
§8 Kirchhoff's second rule | 445 |
§9 Series and parallel decomposition | 455 |
§10 Ohm's law | 465 |
Part D: Batteries and bulbs in everyday life | |
§11 Real batteries | 478 |
§12 Energy and power | 485 |
Supplementary problems for Electric Circuits | 494 |
ELECTROMAGNETS | |
§1 Magnetic field of a current-carrying wire | 521 |
§2 Making magnets with a current-carrying wire | 524 |
§3 Building motors | 529 |
Supplementary problems for Electromagnets | 533 |
LIGHT AND OPTICS | |
Part A: Plane mirrors and images | |
§1 Introduction to reflection | 539 |
§2 Image formation in a plane mirror | 546 |
§3 Multiple images | 555 |
Part B: Lenses, curved mirrors, and images | |
§4 Introduction to refraction | 562 |
§5 Law of refraction: Snell's law | 568 |
§6 Examples of refraction in everyday life | 575 |
§7 Image formation by convex lenses | 579 |
§8 Image formation and ray diagrams | 585 |
§9 Image formation and the thin lens equation | 592 |
§10 Image formation by concave lenses | 597 |
§11 Image formation by curved mirrors | 606 |
§12 Optical instruments | 613 |
Supplementary problems for Light and Optics | 619 |
KINEMATICS | |
Part A: Motion with constant speed | |
§1 Uniform motion | 639 |
§2 Quantitative descriptions of positions and times | 642 |
Part B: Motion with changing speed | |
§3 Introduction to nonuniform motion | 649 |
§4 Changing velocity | 660 |
§5 Acceleration | 665 |
Part C: Graphical representations of motion | |
§6 Motion and graphs | 669 |
§7 Curved graphs | 675 |
§8 Graphs and actual motions | 688 |
§9 Rates and graphs | 692 |
§10 The concept of acceleration | 697 |
Part D: Algebraic representations of motion | |
§11 Interpreting algebraic equations | 704 |
§12 Determining displacement for uniformly accelerated motion | 707 |
§13 Finding the area under a graph | 716 |
§14 Calculating averages | 725 |
§15 Relating graphs to algebraic equations | 735 |
§16 Solving problems in kinematics | 738 |
Supplementary problems for Kinematics | 748 |
ASTRONOMY BY SIGHT: THE EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM | |
§1 The celestial sphere | 787 |
§2 Annual motion of the sun and stars: a geocentric model | 796 |
§3 Annual motion of the sun and stars: a heliocentric model | 802 |
§4 The seasons | 805 |
§5 The planets | 811 |
Supplementary problems for Astronomy by Sight: The Earth and the Solar System | 817 |
INDEX | Index 1 |