Carol A. Thornton and Paula J. Smith

**Children's Conceptual Understanding
of Forces and Equilibrium**

C. Terry and others

**Children's Difficulties in Subtraction:
Some Causes and Cures**

Arthur J. Baroody

**Children's Dynamics**

Roger Osborne

**Concepts in Force and Motion**

Nanjundiah Sadanand and Joseph Kess

**Connecting Research to Teaching**

Kathleen Cramer and Thomas Post

**Connecting Research to Teaching,
Probability and Statistics**

J. Michael Shaughnessey

**Constructing Meaning for the Concept
of Equation**

Nicolas Herscovics and Carolyn Kieran

**A Constructivist Approach to Astronomy
in the National Curriculum**

John Baxter

**The Continuing Calculator Controversy**

Thomas Dick

**Decimal Notation: An Important Research
Finding**

Anne S. Grossman

**Decimals: Results and Implications
from National Assessment**

Thomas P. Carpenter and others

**The Everyday Perspective and Exceedingly
Unobvious Meaning**

Charles R. Ault, Jr

**Force Concept Inventory**

David Hestenes and others

**Fractions: In Search of meaning**

Mary Lou Witherspoon

**Fractions: Results and Implications
from National Assessment**

Thomas R. Post

**Getting the Facts Straight**

Jim Minstrell

**Gravity--Don't Take it for Granted**

Michael D. Watts

**How Well Do Students Write Geometry
Proofs?**

Sharon L. Senk

**Let Us Go Back to Nature Study**

Dorothy L. Gabel

**Little into Big Is the Way It Always
Is**

Anna O. Graeber and Kay M. Baker

**Material Cycles in Nature: A New
Approach to Teaching Photosynthesis in Junior High School**

Yehudit Eisen and Ruth Stavy

**Misconceptions and the Qualitative
Method**

Dori Ridgeway

**The Museum as Science Teacher**

Charles R. Ault, Jr.

**Research Gives Calculators a Green
Light**

Ray Hembree

**Research into Practice: Adding by
Counting On with One-Handed Finger Patterns**

Karen C. Fuson

**Research into Practice: Children's
Multiplication**

Kurt Kilion and Leslie Steffe

**Research into Practice: Children's
Strategies in Ordering Rational Numbers**

Thomas Post and Kathleen Cramer

**Research into Practice: Children's
Understanding of Zero and Infinity**

Marilyn Montague Wheeler

**Research into Practice: Developing
Understanding of Computational Estimation**

Judith Sowder

**Research into Practice: Helping to
Make the Transition to Algebra**

Carolyn Kieran

**Research into Practice: Integrating
Assessment and Instruction**

Megan M. Loef, Deborah A. Carey, Thomas P. Carpenter,
and Elizabeth Fennema

**Research into Practice: Misconceptions
about Multiplication and Division**

Anna O. Graeber

**Research into Practice: Number Sense
and Nonsense**

Zvia Markovits and others

**Research into Practice: Place Value
and Addition and Subtraction**

Diana Wearne and James Hiebert

**Research into Practice: Place Value
for Tens and Ones**

Joseph N. Payne

**Research into Practice: The Problem
of Fractions in the Elementary School**

Leslie P. Steffe and John Olive

**Research into Practice: Similarity
in the Middle Grades**

Glenda Lappan and Ruhama Even

**Research into Practice: Spatial Abilities**

Douglas T. Owens

**Research into Practice: Story Problems
and Students' Strategies**

Larry Sowder

**Research into Practice: Students'
Use of Symbols**

Deborah A. Carey

**Research into Practice: Using Spatial
Imagery in Geometric Reasoning**

Michael T. Battista and Douglas H. Clements

**Research Report: Addition and Subtraction--Processes
and Problems**

Marilyn N. Suydam

**Research Report: Decimal Fractions**

James Hiebert

**Research Report: Estimation and Computation**

Marilyn N. Suydam

**Research Report: Learning Probability
Concepts in Elementary School Mathematics**

Albert P. Shulte

**Research Report: What Are Calculators
Good For?**

Marilyn N. Suydam

**Results of the Fourth NAEP Assessment
of Mathematics: Measurement, Geometry, Data Interpretation, Attitudes,
and Other Topics**

Vicky L. Kouba and others

**Secondary School Results for the
Fourth NAEP Mathematics Assessment: Algebra, Geometry, Mathematical Methods,
and Attitudes**

Catherine A. Brown and others

**Secondary School Results for the
Fourth NAEP Mathematics Assessment: Discrete Mathematics, Data Organization
and Interpretation, Measurement, Number and Operations**

Catherine A. Brown and others

**Secondary Students' Conceptions of
the Conduction of Heat: Bringing Together Scientific and Personal Views**

Elizabeth Engel Clough and Rosalind Driver

**The Shape of Instruction in Geometry:
Some Highlights from Research**

Marilyn N. Suydam

**Some Misconceptions Concerning the
Concept of Variable**

Peter Rosnick

**Spadework Prior to Deduction in Geometry**

J. Michael Shaughnessy and William F. Burger

**Students' Conceptions of Ideas in
Mechanics**

John K. Gilbert and others

**Students' Concepts of Force: The
Importance of Understanding Newton's Third Law**

David E. Brown

**Students' Understanding of Photosynthesis**

Yehudit Eisen and Ruth Stavy

**Students' Use of the Principle of
Energy Conservation in Problem Situations**

Rosalind Driver and Lynda Warrington

**A Survey of Some Children's Ideas
about Force**

D. M. Watts and A Zylbersztajn

**Teacher Predictions versus Actual
Student Gains**

Alan Lightman and Philip Sadler

**Teaching for Conceptual Change: Confronting
Children's Experience**

Bruce Watson and Richard Konicek

**Understanding the Particulate Nature
of Matter**

Dorothy L. Gabel and others

**Units of Measure: Results and Implications
from National Assessment**

James Hiebert

**What Are the Chances of Your Students
Knowing Probability?**

Thomas P. Carpenter and others

**What Are These Things Called Variables?**

Sigrid Wagner

**What Research Says**

Mark Driscoll

**What Research Says: The Cardiovascular
System: Children's Conceptions and Misconceptions**

Mary W. Arnaudin and Joel J. Mintzes

**When Students Don't Know They Don't
Know**

Janet F. Eaton and others

**Which Comes First--Length, Area,
or Volume?**

Kathleen Hart

**Why Are There No Dinosaurs in Oklahoma?**

John W. Renner and others

**Why Do Some Children Have Trouble
Learning Measurement Concepts?**

James Hiebert