NSES Content Standard F 
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Characteristics and changes in populations
Grades K-4, page 140

The size of a human population can increase or decrease. Populations will increase unless other factors such as disease or famine decrease the population.

The most closely related benchmark is at a higher level of sophistication.

Benchmark 7C Human Society: Social Change
Grades 9-12, page 163
The size and rate of growth of the human population in any location is affected by economic, political, religious, technological, and environmental factors. Some of these factors, in turn, are influenced by the size and rate of growth of the population.