NSES Content Standard G
History and Nature of Science: Historical perspectives 
Grades 9-12, page 204 

Occasionally, there are advances in science and technology that have important and long-lasting effects on science and society. Examples of such advances include the following: 

Copernican revolution 
Newtonian mechanics 
Geologic time scale 
Plate tectonics 
Atomic theory 
Nuclear physics 
Biological evolution 
Germ theory 
Industrial revolution 
Molecular biology 
Information and communication 
Quantum theory 
Galactic universe 
Medical and health technology. 

Benchmark 1A The Nature of Science: The Scientific World View
Grades 9-12, page 8
From time to time, major shifts occur in the scientific view of how the world works. More often, however, the changes that take place in the body of scientific knowledge are small modifications of prior knowledge. Change and continuity are persistent features of science.

See also Chapter 10 Historical Perspectives, all benchmarks.