NSES Content Standard F 
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Population growth
Grades 9-12, page 198

Various factors influence birth rates and fertility rates, such as average levels of affluence and education, importance of children in the labor force, education and employment of women, infant mortality rates, costs of raising children, availability and reliability of birth control methods, and religious beliefs and cultural norms that influence personal decisions about family size.

Benchmark 7C Human Society: Social Change
Grades 9-12, page 163
The size and rate of growth of the human population in any location is affected by economic, political, religious, technological, and environmental factors. Some of these factors, in turn, are influenced by the size and rate of growth of the population.