NSES Content Standard F 
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Personal and community health 
Grades 9-12, page 197 

Sexuality is basic to the physical, mental, and social development of humans. Students should understand that human sexuality involves biological functions, psychological motives, and cultural, ethnic, religious, and technological influences. Sex is a basic and powerful force that has consequences to individuals' health and to society. Students should understand various methods of controlling the reproduction process and that each method has a different type of effectiveness and different health and social consequences. 

Benchmark 6B The Human Organism: Human Development
Grades 6-8, page 133
Contraception measures may incapacitate sperm, block their way to the egg, prevent the release of eggs, or prevent the fertilized egg from implanting successfully.

Benchmark 6B The Human Organism: Human Development
Grades 9-12, page 134
Using artificial means to prevent or facilitate pregnancy raises questions of social norms, ethics, religious beliefs, and even politics.

Benchmark 6C The Human Organism: Basic Functions
Grades 9-12, page 138
Reproduction is necessary for the survival of any species. Sexual behavior depends strongly on cultural, personal, and biological factors.