NSES Content Standard G 
History and Nature of Science: Nature of science
Grades 5-8, page 171

It is part of scientific inquiry to evaluate the results of scientific investigations, experiments, observations, theoretical models, and the explanations proposed by other scientists. Evaluation includes reviewing the experimental procedures, examining the evidence, identifying faulty reasoning, pointing out statements that go beyond the evidence, and suggesting alternative explanations for the same observations. Although scientists may disagree about explanations of phenomena, about interpretations of data, or about the value of rival theories, they do agree that questioning, response to criticism, and open communication are integral to the process of science. As scientific knowledge evolves, major disagreements are eventually resolved through such interactions between scientists.

Benchmark 1B The Nature of Science: Scientific Inquiry
Grades 3-5, page 11
Scientists do not pay much attention to claims about how something they know about works unless the claims are backed up with evidence that can be confirmed and with a logical argument.

Benchmark 1C The Nature of Science: The Scientific Enterprise
Grades 6-8, page 18
Accurate record-keeping, openness, and replication are essential for maintaining an investigator's credibility with other scientists and society.

Benchmark 12A Habits of Mind: Values and Attitudes
Grades 6-8, page 287
Know that often different explanations can be given for the same evidence, and it is not always possible to tell which one is correct.

Benchmark 12A Habits of Mind: Values and Attitudes
Grades 9-12, page 287
Know why curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism are so highly regarded in science and how they are incorporated into the way science is carried out; exhibit those traits in their own lives and value them in others.