Benchmark 6E
The Human Organism: Physical Health
Grades 3-5, page 144

There are some diseases that human beings can catch only once. After they've recovered they don't get sick from them again. There are many diseases that can be prevented by vaccination, so that people don't catch them even once.

The most closely related standard is at a higher level of sophistication.

NSES Content Standard F 
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Personal and community health
Grades 9-12, page 197
The severity of disease symptoms is dependent on many factors, such as human resistance and the virulence of the disease, producing organism. Many diseases can be prevented, controlled, or cured. Some diseases, such as cancer, result from specific body dysfunctions and cannot be transmitted.