Benchmark 4F
The Physical Setting: Motion
Grades 3-5, page 89

Changes in speed or direction of motion are caused by forces. The greater the force is, the greater the change in motion will be. The more massive an object is, the less effect a given force will have.

NSES Content Standard B 
Physical Science: Position and motion of objects 
Grades K-4, page 127 
The position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling. The size of the change is related to the strength of the push or pull.