Benchmark 4B
The Physical Setting: The Earth
Grades 6-8, page 69

Climates have sometimes changed abruptly in the past as a result of changes in the earth's crust, such as volcanic eruptions or impacts of huge rocks from space. Even relatively small changes in atmospheric or ocean content can have widespread effects on climate if the change lasts long enough.

NSES Content Standard F 
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Changes in environments 
Grades K-4, page 140 
Some environmental changes occur slowly, and others occur rapidly. Students should understand the different consequences of changing environments in small increments over long periods as compared with changing environments in large increments over short periods. 

NSES Content Standard F 
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Natural hazards 
Grades 5-8, page 168 
Internal and external processes of the Earth system cause natural hazards, events that change or destroy human and wildlife habitats, damage property, and harm or kill humans. Natural hazards include earthquakes, landslides, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, floods, storms, and even possible impacts of asteroids. 

NSES Content Standard D 
Earth and Space Science: Origin and evolution of the earth system 
Grades 9-12, page 189 
Interactions among the solid earth, the oceans, the atmosphere, and organisms have resulted in the ongoing evolution of the earth system. We can observe some changes such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on a human time scale, but many processes such as mountain building and plate movements take place over hundreds of millions of years.