Benchmark 1B: The Nature of Science - Scientific Inquiry
(grades 3-5, page 11)
  • Scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments. Investigations can focus on physical, biological, and social questions. (1 of 4)
  • Standard 1-3 page 23, Grades K-4
    Develop and apply strategies to solve a wide variety of problems

    Standard 1-3 page 75, Grades 5-8
    Develop and apply a variety of strategies to solve problems, with emphasis on multi-step and non-routine problems

    Standard 1-3 page 137, Grades 9-12
    Recognize and formulate problems from situations within and outside mathematics

  • Scientists' explanations about what happens in the world come partly from what they observe, partly from what they think. Sometimes scientists have different explanations for the same set of observations. That usually leads to their making more observations to resolve the differences. (3 of 4)
  • Standard 1-4 page 23, Grades K-4
    Verify and interpret results with respect to the original problem

    Standard 1-2 page 75, Grades 5-8
    Formulate problems from situations within and outside mathematics

    Standard 1-2 page 137, Grades 9-12
    Apply integrated mathematical problem-solving strategies to solve problems from within and outside mathematics

  • Scientists do not pay much attention to claims about how something they know about works unless the claims are backed up with evidence that can be confirmed and with a logical argument. (4 of 4)
  • Standard 3-1 page 29, Grades K-4
    Draw logical conclusions about mathematics

    Standard 2-5 page 78, Grades 5-8
    Discuss mathematical ideas and make conjectures and convincing arguments