- The Role of Research
- The Nature of the Research Literature
- Research Findings By Chapter and Section
- References

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All

**K**

**Kahneman, D.**, Slovic, P., Tversky, A. (1982). Judgment under certainty: Heuristics and biases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.- Hawkins, A.,
**Kapadia, R.**(1984). Children's conceptions of probability: A psychological and pedagogical review. Educational Studies in Mathematics. 15, 349-377. **Kaput, J.**(1992). Technology and mathematics education. In D. A. Grouws (Ed.),. Handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning. (pp. 515-556). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.**Kargbo, D.**, Hobbs, E., Erickson, G. (1980). Children's beliefs about inherited characteristics. Journal of Biological Education. 14, 137-146.**Karplus, R.**, Pulos, S., Stage, E. (1983). Proportional reasoning of early adolescents. In R. Lesh & M. Landau (Eds.). Acquisition of mathematics concepts and processes. New York: Academic Press.**Karplus, R.**, Thier, H. (1969). A new look at elementary school science; science curriculum improvement study. Chicago: Rand McNally.**Keil, F.**(1989). Concepts, kinds, and cognitive development. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.- Deadman, J.,
**Kelly, P.**(1978). What do secondary school boys understand about evolution and heredity before they are taught the topics?. Journal of Biological Education. 12, 7-15. **Kimbell, R.**, Stables, K., Wheeler, T., Wosniak, A.,**Kelly, V.**(1991). The assessment of performance in design and technology. London, UK: School Examinations and Assessment Council.- Carpenter, T., Corbitt, M.,
**Kepner, H.**, Lindquist, M., Reys, R. (1981). Decimals: Results and implications from the second NAEP mathematics assessment. Arithmetic Teacher. 28(8), 34-37. **Kerslake, D.**(1981). Graphs. In K. M. Hart (Ed.). Children's understanding of mathematics:. 11-16 (pp. 120-136). London: John Murray.- Duschl, R., Smith, M.,
**Kesidou, S.**, Gitomer, D., Schauble, L. (1992). Assessing student explanations for criteria to format conceptual change learning environments. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association. San Francisco, CA. **Kesidou, S.**(1990). Schuelervorstellungen zur Irreversibilitaet. Kiel: Institute for Science Education at the University of Kiel.**Kesidou, S.**, Duit, R. (1993). Students' conceptions of the second law of thermodynamics: An interpretive study. Journal of Research on Science Teaching. 30, 85-106.**Kieran, C.**(1981). Concepts associated with the equality symbol. Educational Studies in Mathematics. 12, 317-326.**Kieran, C.**(1984). A comparison between novice and more-expert algebra students on tasks dealing with the equivalence of equations. In J. Moser (Ed.). Proceedings of the sixth annual meeting of PME-NA. (pp. 83-91). Madison: University of Wisconsin.**Kieran, C.**(1988). Two different approaches among algebra learners. In A. F. Coxford (Ed.),. The ideas of algebra, K-12. (1988 Yearbook, pp. 91-96). Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.**Kieran, C.**(1989). The early learning of algebra: A structural perspective. In S. Wagner & C. Kieran (Eds.),. Research issues in the learning and teaching of algebra. (pp. 33-56). Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.**Kieran, C.**(1992). The learning and teaching of school algebra. In D. Grouws (Ed.),. Handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning. (pp. 390-419). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.- Wagner, S.,
**Kieran, C. (Eds.)**(1989). Research issues in the learning and teaching of algebra. Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. **Kieren, T.**(1992). Rational and fractional numbers as mathematical and personal knowledge: Implications for curriculum and instruction. In G. Leinhardt, R. Putnam, & R. Hattrup (Eds.),. Analysis of arithmetic for mathematics teaching. (pp. 323-372). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.**Kitchener, K.**,**King, P.**(1981). Reflective judgment: Concepts of justification and their relationship to age and education. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 2, 89-116.**Kircher, E.**(1985). Analogies for the electric circuit? In R. Duit, W. Jung, and C. von Rhoeneck (Eds.),. Aspects of understanding electricity. (pp. 299-310). Kiel, Germany: Institute for Science Education at the University of Kiel.- Carr, M.,
**Kirkwood, V.**(1988). Teaching and learning about energy in New Zealand secondary school junior science classrooms. Physics Education. 23, 86-91. **Kitchener, K.**(1983). ner, K. (1983, Fall). Educational goals and reflective thinking. The Educational Forum. 75-95.- Champagne, A., Gunstone, R.,
**Klopfer, L.**(1985). Effecting changes in cognitive structures among physics students. In L. West & A. Pines (Eds.),. Cognitive structure and conceptual change. (pp. 61-90). Orlando, FL: Academic Press. - Cooley, W.,
**Klopfer, L.**(1961). Test on understanding science.*Form W*. Princeton: Educational Testing Service. **Klopfer, L.**, Cooley, W. (1963). Effectiveness of the history of science cases for high schools in the development of student understanding of science and scientists. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 1, 35-47.- Schauble, L.,
**Klopfer, L.E.**, Raghavan, K. (1991). Students' transition from an engineering model to a science model of experimentation. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 28, 859-882. - Brown, C., Carpenter, T.,
**Kouba, V.**, Lindquist, M., Silver, E., Swafford, J. (1988). Secondary school results from the fourth NAEP mathematics assessment: Algebra, geometry, mathematical methods, and attitudes. Mathematics Teacher,. 337-347, 397. **Kouba, V.**, Brown, C., Carpenter, T., Lindquist, M., Silver, E., Swafford, J. (1988). Results of the fourth NAEP assessment of mathematics: Numbers, operations, and word problems. Arithmetic Teacher. 35(8), 14-19.**Kuhn, D.**(1991). The skills of argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.**Kuhn, D.**(1992). Thinking as argument. Harvard Educational Review,. 62, 155-178.**Kuhn, D.**, Amsel, E., O'Loughlin, M. (1988). The development of scientific thinking skills. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

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