- The Role of Research
- The Nature of the Research Literature
- Research Findings By Chapter and Section
- References

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All

**B**

**Baird, J.**, Fensham, P., Gunstone, R., White, R. (1989). A study of the importance of reflection for improving teaching and learning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Paper, National Association for Research in Science Teaching. San Francisco, ERIC No. ED 307 151.**Baird, J.R.**, Mitchell, J. (Eds.) (1986). Improving the quality of teaching and learning: An Australian case study. Melbourne, Australia: Monash University Press.- Tomasini, G.,
**Balandi, P.**(1987). Teaching strategies and children's science: An experiment on teaching "hot and cold." In J. Novak (Ed.),. Proceedings of the second international seminar "misconceptions and educational strategies in science and mathematics". (Vol. II, pp. 158-171). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. **Bar, V.**(1989). Children's views about the water cycle. Science Education,. 73, 481-500.- Clements, D.,
**Battista, M.**(1989). Learning of geometric concepts in a Logo environment. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education. 20, 450 467. - Clements, D.,
**Battista, M.**(1990). The effects of Logo on children's conceptualizations of angle and polygons. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education. 21, 356-371. - Clements, D.,
**Battista, M.**(1992). Geometry and spacial reasoning. In D. Grouws (Ed.),. Handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning. (pp. 420-464). New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. **Baxter, J.**(1989). Children's understanding of familiar astronomical events. International Journal of Science Education,. 11, 502-513.- Saxe, G.,
**Becker, J.**, Sadeghpour, M. (1989). Developmental differences in children's understanding of number word conventions. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education. 20, 468-488. **Behr, M.J.**(1987). Ratio and proportion: A synthesis of eight conference papers. In U. Bergson, N. Hescovits, & C. Kieran (Eds.),. Psychology and mathematics education. (Vol. II). Proceedings of the eleventh international conference, Montreal, Canada.**Behr, M.**, Lesh, R., Post, T., Silver, E. (1983). Rational number concepts. In R. Lesh & M. Lindau (Eds.),. Acquisition of mathematical concepts and processes. (pp. 91-126). New York: Academic Press.**Behr, M.**, Wachsmuth, I., Post, T., Lesh, R. (1984). Order and equivalence of rational numbers: A clinical teaching experiment. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education,. 15, 323-341.- Heller, P., Ahlgren, A., Post, T.,
**Behr, M.**, Lesh, R. (1989). Proportional reasoning: The effect of two context variables, rate type, and problem setting. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 26, 205-220. - Hiebert, J.,
**Behr, M. (Eds.)**(1988). Number concepts and operations in the middle grades. Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. **Bell, A.**, Fischbein, E., Greer, B. (1984). Choice of operation in verbal arithmetic problems: The effects of number size, problem, structure, and context. Educational Studies in Mathematics,. 15, 129-147.**Bell, A.**, Swan, M., Taylor, G. (1981). Choice of operations in verbal problems with decimal numbers. Educational Studies in Mathematics. 12, 399-420.**Bell, B.**(1981). When is an animal, not an animal?. Journal of Biological Education. 15, 213-218.**Bell, B.**,**Brook, A.**(1984). Aspects of secondary students understanding of plant nutrition. Leeds, UK: University of Leeds, Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics Education.**Bell, B.**, Freyberg, P. (1985). Language in the science classroom. In R. Osborne & P. Freyberg (Eds.),. Learning in Science. (pp. 29-40). Auckland, NZ: Heinemann.**Brook, A.**,**Briggs, H.**,**Bell, B.**(1983). Secondary students' ideas about particles. Leeds, UK: The University of Leeds, Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics Education.**Benander, L.**, Clement, J. (1985). Catalogue of error patterns observed in courses in basic mathematics. Unpublished manuscript. ERIC Reproduction Service. No. ED 287 672.- Lee, O., Eichinger, D.C., Anderson, C.W.,
**Berkheimer, G.D.**,**Blakeslee, T.S.**(1993). Changing middle school students' conceptions of matter and molecules. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 30, 249-270. **Bernstein, A.C.**, Cowan, P.A. (1975). Children's concepts of how people get babies. Child Development. 46, 77-91.**Berti, A. E.**(1988). The development of political understanding in children between 6-15 years old. Human Relations. 41, 437-446.**Berti, A.E.**(1992). Acquisition of the profit concept by third-grade children. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 17, 293-299.**Berti, A.E.**,**Bombi, A.S.**(1988). The child's construction of economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.**Berti, A.E.**, Grivet, A. (1990). The development of economic reasoning in children from 8 to 13 years old: Price mechanism. Contributi di Psicologia. 3(III), 37-47.- Schug, M.,
**Birkey, C.**(1985). The development of children's economic reasoning. Theory and Research in Social Education. XIII(1), 31-42. **Bishop, B.**, Anderson, C. (1990). Student conceptions of natural selection and its role in evolution. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 27, 415-427.**Black, P.**(1990). Can pupils design their own experiments? In. Proceedings of the international conference on physics education through experiments. (pp. 281-299). Tianjin, China: ICPE.**Black, P.**, Solomon, J. (1983). Life world and science world: Pupils' ideas about energy. In G. Marx (Ed.),. Entropy in the school: Proceedings of the 6th Danube seminar on physics education. (pp. 43-55). Budapest: Roland Eotvos Physical Society.**Bliss, J.**(1978). Ideas of chance and probability in children and adolescents. Physics Education. 13, 408-413.**Blum, L.H.**(1977). Health information via mass media: Study of the individual's concepts of the body and its parts. Psychological Reports. 40, 991-999.**Boylan, C.**, Hill, D., Wallace, A., Wheeler, A. (1992). Beyond stereotypes. Science Education,. 76, 465-476.- Dykstra, D.,
**Boyle, C.**, Monarch, I. (1992). Studying conceptual change in learning physics. Science Education. 76, 615-652. - Vosniadou, S.,
**Brewer, W.**(1992). Mental models of the earth: A study of conceptual change in childhood. Cognitive Psychology. 24, 535-585. - Fuson, K., Richards, J.,
**Briars, D.**(1982). The acquisition and elaboration of the number word sequence. In C. Brainerd (Ed.),. Progress in cognitive development research Vol. 1: Children's logical and mathematical cognition. (pp. 33-92). New York: Springer Verlag. **Brook, A.**, Driver, R. (1984). Aspects of secondary students' understanding of energy: Summary report. Leeds, UK: University of Leeds, Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics Education.**Brook, A.**, Driver, R. (1986). The construction of meaning and conceptual change in the classroom: Case studies on energy. Leeds, UK: University of Leeds, Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics Education.**Brook, A.**, Wells, P. (1988). Conserving the circus: An alternative approach to teaching and learning about energy. Physics Education. 23, 80-85.**Brosnan, T.**(1990). Categorizing macro and micro explanations of material change. In P.L. Lijnse, P. Licht, W. de Vos, & A.J. Waarlo (Eds.),. Relating macroscopic phenomena to microscopic particles. (pp. 198-211). Utrecht, Holland: CD-þ Press.**Brown, C.**, Carpenter, T., Kouba, V., Lindquist, M., Silver, E., Swafford, J. (1988). Secondary school results from the fourth NAEP mathematics assessment: Algebra, geometry, mathematical methods, and attitudes. Mathematics Teacher,. 337-347, 397.- Kouba, V.,
**Brown, C.**, Carpenter, T., Lindquist, M., Silver, E., Swafford, J. (1988). Results of the fourth NAEP assessment of mathematics: Numbers, operations, and word problems. Arithmetic Teacher. 35(8), 14-19. **Brown, D.**, Clement, J. (1989). Overcoming mis-conceptions via analogical reasoning: abstract transfer versus explanatory model construction. Instructional Science. 18, 237-261.**Brown, D.**, Clement, J. (1992). Classroom teaching experiments in mechanics. In R. Duit, F. Goldberg, & H. Niedderer (Eds.),. Research in physics learning: Theoretical issues and empirical studies. (pp. 380-397). Kiel, Germany: Institute for Science Education at the University of Kiel.**Brown, J. Van Lehn**, K. (1982). Towards a generative theory of "bugs." In T.P. Carpenter, J. Moser, & T. Romberg (Eds.) Addition and subtraction: A cognitive perspective (pp. 117-135). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum . Journal of Biological Education. 13,119-122.**Brumby, M.**(1982). Students' perceptions of the concept of life. Science Education. 66, 613-622.**Brumby, M. N.**, Garrard, J., Auman, J. (1985). Students' perceptions of the concept of health. European Journal of Science Education. 7, 307-323.**Burger, W.**, Shaughnessy, J. (1986). Characterizing the van Hiele levels of development in geometry. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education. 17, 31-48.

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