Research in Benchmarks
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Ideas in this map about how culture shapes individual behavior develop along four interrelated strands of benchmarks about groups and subcultures, cultural influences, learning from others, and rewards and punishment. How associations with groups or subcultures can affect an individual's behavior is an important part of this map, but this map does not cover how groups themselves behave, a topic which will be mapped in the next edition of Atlas.


The K-2 benchmark "People are alike in many ways..." contributes to several of the strands on this map and does not belong to any one strand. This same benchmark also contributes to several of the strands on the Heredity and Experience Shape Behavior map, and appears in the Mental Health cluster (in Chapter 6).

The 3-5 benchmark "Human beings tend to repeat..." also plays an important role in the Heredity and Experience Shape Behavior map, where it is part of a strand on how beliefs, biases, and expectations affect perception.

In the cultural influences strand, the 3-5 benchmark "Each culture has distinct patterns..." and the 6-8 benchmark "What is considered to be acceptable behavior..." are in reverse order compared to their grade-level placement in Benchmarks. This change was made on the grounds that the idea that cultures have distinctive patterns of behavior should precede ideas about variations in those patterns over time and the existence of some invariant components.