the material attempt to address commonly held student ideas?
Indicators of meeting the criterion
- The material explicitly addresses
commonly held ideas.
- The material includes questions, tasks,
or activities that are likely to help students progress from
their initial ideas, for example, by 
- explicitly challenging students'
ideas, for example, by comparing their predictions about a
phenomenon to what actually happens
- prompting students to contrast commonly
held ideas with the scientifically correct ideas, and resolve
differences between them
- extending correct commonly held
ideas that have limited scope.
- The material includes suggestions to
teachers about how to take into account their own students'
If there is research on
commonly held student ideas:
Excellent: The material meets
indicators 1 and 2 for a considerable proportion of commonly
held ideas that are documented in the literature.
Satisfactory: The material meets
indicators 1 and 2 for some commonly held ideas that are
documented in the literature.
Poor: The material meets the
first indicator at best.